Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Recently lost railways 2

The second part of this film covers many lines, including a colliery branch at Moira filmed in the days when Leicestershire still had coal mines.

Two of the more substantial lines covered this time are Aberdeen to Fraserburgh and March to Spalding, I travelled on the latter line in 1979 of 1980.

Watch Part 1 (which includes the Woodhead route) on this blog.

A Box of Delights on the radio in the 1960s

Christmas is coming and a lot of people are preparing for it by watching their Box of Delights DVD.

This time last year I wrote:
my heart was lost to A Box of Delights some time in the 1960s, when I heard a radio adaptation.
Since then BBC Genome has been invented and I can work out when exactly that was.

It must have been on 29 December 1968 or 28 December 1969.

Looking for the cast list (it was the same production for both broadcasts) it is noticeable that Kay Harker and Peter Jones were played by women. In Kay's case by the well known actress Patricia Hayes.

It was once common practice for women to play boys in BBC radio drama. I remember Jock Gallagher telling me that Judy Bennett, who played Shula in The Archers, was widely fancied by the production crew. So it was rather disconcerting when she put on her gruff small boy's voice and became the young Adam.

Today Kay and Peter would be played by boys. Interestingly, if you go back to a Children's Hour radio dramatisation of The Box of Delights from 1948 and you find that boys played those parts then too.

Harborough Tories: £7 off council tax, £40 on bin tax

Tomorrow evening a special meeting of Harborough District Council will consider a proposal to impose an annual charge of £40 for collecting garden waste - the authority's 'green bin' service.

Over to the Harborough Mail and my old friend Phil Knowles:
Lib Dem group leader Cllr Phil Knowles said the plan by the Conservative majority on the district council was “nothing short of a Conservative Bin Tax”. 
“Before the May elections we were treated to the Conservative election gimmick of a £7 per annum cut in Council Tax” he said. “Now they are proposing to charge £40 a year to empty green bins on a part-year service. 
“And if it’s £40 a year at first, who’s to say it won’t soon be £50 a year or more?”

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Restoring the Grantham Canal

The Grantham Canal ran for 33 miles from Grantham to the Trent at West Bridgford. It was abandoned in 1936.

In recent years a lot of restoration work has been done. For details see the Grantham Canal Society website.

I have walked part of the canal myself through the Stilton country of the Vale of Belvoir.

Alan Johnson shows the good and bad sides of mainstream Labour

There is no doubt about the bust up of the day. It is Alan Johnson's pummelling of Simon Hardy from what is laughing called 'Left Unity' on the Daily Politics this lunchtime.

Johnson was absolutely right to question Hardy's blithe assumption that only his groupuscule of the left stands against racism, austerity and war.

He was right to defend the record of the Labour governments of which he was a part:
we introduced the minimum wage, when we introduced the education maintenance allowance, when we introduced sure start children’s centres, when we reduced child poverty, when we attacked pensioner poverty, when we gave trade unionists the right to be represented, the right not to be sacked for going on strike.
Part of Labour's problem is that it has made so little effort to defend the Blair and Brown years. Blair, like Harold Wilson before him, has become a nonperson despite winning multiple elections for the party.

Where Johnson was completely wrong was where he complained that Hardy is "a middle-class intellectual".

Of course he is. Labour needs middle-class intellectuals. Labour wins when it manages to persuade both the working class and middle-class intellectuals to vote for it.

Yes, it must be galling for someone like Johnson to be lectured on the meaning of socialism, but his attitude does remind you of stories about how moderate Labourites used to behave when they were in the ascendancy back in the Fifties and Sixties.

Then, if someone applied to join the party, the local membership secretary would call. If he saw books in the house the candidate would be told that the party was full.

Still, if Labour is to return to sanity, let alone government, then the party's mainstream will have to emulate Johnson's fighting spirit.

Lord Bonkers' Diary: Jeremy Corbyn's New Politics

Another visit to Bonkers Hall draws to a close. Thank you for listening.

Jeremy Corbyn's New Politics

Tense scenes in the House this evening as we debate Osborne’s proposed cuts to tax credits. The motions before us arrange from total rejection, put forward by us Liberal Democrats, to the bishops’ proposal for loud tutting.

I spy an old Socialist of my acquaintance – when I first knew him he was generally to be found on picket lines with Mary Berry and I would have offered long odds against his taking the ermine, but you know what Socialists are. “I expect you will be voting with us this time,” I say brightly. “Oh no,” he replies, “We are all going to abstain. It’s Jeremy Corbyn’s New Politics.

Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

Previously in Lord Bonkers' Diary
  • We are not downhearted
  • How the Lib Dems won Loch Ness
  • Freddie, Fiona and four-cornered liberalism
  • Mary Berry is unmasked
  • "I'm a Jihadi, Daddy"
  • Jeremy Corbyn alone on the opposition front bench

    This is what it looks like if you defy your party whip 500 times and then become its leader.

    Monday, November 23, 2015

    Recently lost railways 1

    The first of four parts (I spoil you. I know) of a video that looks at lines that were closed in the decade between the late 1970s and late 1980s.

    This first part looks at the Woodhead route, the lost electrified line between Sheffield and Manchester.

    I travelled on this line several times when it was used for Sunday diversions between the two cities while I was a student in York, and part of it was used by the Sheffield to Huddersfield service.

    The video looks at a number of other lines, including the remarkable branch along the seafront to Weymouth Harbour.

    Six of the Best 553

    Richard Kemp has little time for the mayor of Liverpool.

    Raymond Smith speaks up for the Green Belt: "The Green Belt may not have turned out quite as it was planned, but it is increasingly used for urban recreation and, if protected, could be of ever greater environmental value.

    "During the latter half of the 1930s, a surprising number of Nazi-themed summer camps sprouted across the United States. Organized locally and without the support of Germany, these summer outings bore a startling resemblance to the Hitler Youth." George Dvorsky on a forgotten slice of American history.

    Yes you should drag your children round museums, says John Lanchester.

    Lynne About Loughborough is pleased by the opening up of the town's Old Bleach Yard.

    Wales Online has some fascinating photographs of lost towns, villages and neighbourhoods in Wales - some of them "dismantled for English gain," as it puts it.

    Lord Bonkers' Diary: "I'm a Jihadi, Daddy"

    Another diary entry from Rutland's most popular fictional peer, first published in Liberator magazine. This one proved scarily prophetic.

    "I'm a jihadi, Daddy"

    This evening I attend a viewing of a sparkling new print of one of my favourite Oakham Studios films.

    Set amid the trad jazz boom of the early 1960s, it is nevertheless the hard-hitting story of a schoolgirl (played by the young Helen Shapiro) who is radicalised by a penfriend and eventually travels to Syria to take part in the armed conflict there.

    I feel sure that ‘I’m a Jihadi, Daddy’ will win itself a whole new generation of viewers.

    Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

    Previously in Lord Bonkers' Diary<
    • We are not downhearted
    • How the Lib Dems won Loch Ness
    • Freddie, Fiona and four-cornered liberalism
    • Mary Berry is unmasked
    • Sunday, November 22, 2015

      Vanished Leicester: St Nicholas Street

      Copyright © Dennis Calow
      Writing of the Leicester parish of St Nicholas in 1958, the Victoria County History for Leicestershire said:
      The main thoroughfare of the parish is St. Nicholas Street, which joins High Street and Applegate Street and leads to the West Bridge.
      The photograph above show St Nicholas Street in 1962.

      Today it has vanished, lost somewhere under the road system of St Nicholas Circle.

      Tim Farron sounds the right note on economics

      Tim Farron gave a major speech on economics at the Institute for Public Policy Research in London on Thursday.

      He set out three principles which he said will govern Liberal Democrat economic policy for the next five years:
      • Invest now in infrastructure 
      • Back enterprise 
      • Take the long view
      His take on the second principle is particularly good:
      The fact is that the Tories aren’t really pro-free market capitalism at all. They are pro-corporate capitalism. 
      They are there to fight not for entrepreneurs, not for innovators who oil the wheels of the market, but for the status quo. 
      Don’t believe me? Look, not at what they say, but what they do. 
      An opportunity to cut taxes on business? Go for corporation tax to benefit the very largest of companies, not help small start-ups to grow. 
      An opportunity to diversify the energy sector? Withdraw the subsidies for renewables that would give small start-ups the opportunity to challenge the big six energy companies. 
      An opportunity to change banking as the major shareholder in RBS? 
      Rather than use the chance to create a real, diverse, regional banking sector, sell the stake at a loss and keep the bank intact as yet another too-big-to-fail institution, ill-equipped to finance small businesses.
      This manages to sound anti-Conservative without sounding soggy or socialist or corporatist.

      At the same time, it poses a challenge to economic liberals in our party.

      For economic liberalism should be a radical creed. It should involve the breaking up of monopolies and the introduction of competition of markets that are dominated by a few big players.

      Too often, however, they make it sound like a slightly exasperated defence of the status quo. They give the impression that they resent any questioning existing concentrations of power in the economy.

      Tim's speech points a way forward for all Liberal Democrats. I hope the party will unite around it.

      Lord Bonkers' Diary: Mary Berry is unmasked

      Marry Berry is unmasked

      There was outrage at the identity of the finalists of the Great British Bake Off and, though it was an ugly affair, I am pleased that Mary Berry was finally unmasked as the left-wing troublemaker she has always been.

      For, I can exclusively reveal, ‘Red Mary’ has been behind every politically motivated strike, every violent demonstration and every act of industrial sabotage in Britain for decades. And who do people imagine baked the macaroons for the Angry Brigade?

      Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

      Previously in Lord Bonkers' Diary

      Simon Dupree and the Big Sound: Like the Sun Like the Fire

      I have written before about the first single I ever bought: Kites by Simon Dupree and the Big Sound. It seems my preference for Mellotrons and psychedelia was present from the start.

      There is a good entry on the band on All Music:
      "Simon Dupree" was vocalist Derek Shulman, one of a trio of brothers (Ray and Phil being the other two) from Portsmouth, England, who started out in music as R&B fanatics and first formed a group in 1964. 
      Their musical interests can be glimpsed by the choices that the Shulman brothers made between 1964 and 1965 in naming their bands, which included the Howling Wolves and the Road Runners. 
      Those names aside, their repertoire was focused a lot more on the songs of Wilson Pickett, Don Covay, and Otis Redding than on the Wolf or Bo Diddley. "Simon Dupree & the Big Sound" came about in the course of their search for a flashy name.
      And it explains how an R&B outfit came to record Kites:
      Then, in October of 1967, the group's management and record label decided to try moving Simon Dupree & the Big Sound in the direction of psychedelia. It's entirely possible that they were looking at the huge sales and international recognition suddenly accruing to the Moody Blues, an R&B-turned-psychedelic outfit who had gone from near-oblivion to scoring a pair of hit albums and singles with their new sound. 
      The result was "Kites," a song recorded in the early fall of 1967 at Abbey Road. The bandmembers were unhappy with the new song and the sound they were being asked to create, but they tried to make the best of it - they experimented with a Mellotron for the first time, and used it pretty much as impressively as the Moody Blues did. The melody was Asian-sounding, and the presence of actress Jackie Chan reciting some poetry over the music didn't detract from the single's "Eastern" sound. 
      "Kites" wasn't R&B, but it was the right song at the right time, and it made the British Top Ten, a major commercial breakthrough for the group.
      The Shulman brothers later formed the prog rock band Gentle Giant.

      If they were in Abbey Road in the autumn of 1967 then they may well have coincided with the Zombies as they made Odessey and Oracle. And the Mellotron on Kites may be the one John Lennon left at the studios after recording Sergeant Pepper, which the Zombies made such good use of.

      Listening to Kites today, it isn't very good. In fact I prefer the B side.

      Saturday, November 21, 2015

      Hatfield to St Albans in 1968

      This silent video shows the Hatfield to St Albans in line in 1968, the last year that goods trains operated along it. Passenger services had ended back in 1951.

      Remember kids: Don't trespass on the railway, even if you are sure Dr Beeching has closed it.

      Jim Slater and British chess

      The financier Jim Slater, whose rise and fall were once the talk of the City, died on Wednesday.

      His Telegraph obituary says:
      Slater remained a chess enthusiast all his life, and counted his sponsorship of British chess as one of his proudest achievements.
      There is more about that sponsorship on Slater's own website, which began in the aftermath of the Fischer vs Spassky world title match when the game was on the front page of every newspaper.

      In fact Slater played an important part in ensuring that the match took place at all:
      While preparations were being made for the World Championship in Iceland, Fischer began complaining about the prize money which he thought should be doubled. 
      “I was driving into London early one Monday morning in mid-July feeling disappointed that after all this build-up Fischer might not be taking on Spassky, when it suddenly occurred to me that I could easily afford the extra prize money personally. As well as providing me with a fascinating spectacle for the next few weeks it would give chess players throughout the world enormous pleasure for the match to proceed."
      Chess players should thank Slater for that if nothing else.

      He then turned his attention to promoting the game in Britain:
      A few months later, in an endeavour to help our young players, Jim Slater offered on behalf of The Slater Foundation to give a prize of £5,000 (over £50,000 in today’s money) to the first British Grandmaster and £2,500 to each of the next four. Over the next few years Great Britain progressed from having no Grandmasters to twenty with one of the strongest teams of young chess players in the world.
      When that time was offered the idea of a British grandmaster seemed fanciful, but Tony Miles claimed the £5000 in 1976. Soon there were dozens of British GMs - two from Leicester alone.

      Since then, chess in Britain has been in serious decline. I once discussed the reasons for that decline on this blog.

      Yesterday Stephen Moss examined the problem in the Guardian. His one firm conclusion is that there is no longer any money in the British game.

      Which brings us back to Jim Slater.

      Lord Bonkers' Diary: Freddie, Fiona and four-cornered liberalism

      Freddie, Fiona and four-cornered liberalism

      To Westminster, where I run into Freddie and Fiona, who worked in the leader’s office before the general election. They tell me they are now running a think-tank “to promote four-cornered liberalism”.

      Not recalling anything about them in the conversation of my old friend L.T. Hobhouse, I ask what these four corners are.

      “Well,” replies Freddie, “there’s economic liberalism and… and… er…” “…the other three,” Fiona finishes triumphantly.

      Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

      Previously in Lord Bonkers' Diary

      Friday, November 20, 2015

      The Zombies talk about Odessey and Oracle

      The other day I posted a video of the remarkable Zombies concert in which they played the whole of their great LP Odessey and Oracle 40 years after it was released to an unappreciative world.

      In 2012 Rod Argent, Colin Blunstone and Chris White recorded a two-part interview with the BBC.

      In part 1 they were interviewed by John Wilson.

      In part 2 they fielded questions from the audience, which included a Mr Paul Weller from Woking,

      Ambitious Liberal Democrats circle our most promising seats

      Back in September I blogged about Liberator's take on the row between Tony Greaves and Liberal Democrat Voice.

      Members of the Lib Dem Voice queued up to comment, but it was all a bit gnomic and I am not sure we were much better informed when they had.

      The good news is that peace has broken out and Tony Greaves is writing for Lib Dem Voice - on an almost daily basis.

      I imagine him and the editorial team running through flower-filled meadows hand in hand.

      The best gossip in the new Liberator concerns the people who have their eyes on some of the more promising seats for ambitious Lib Dems:
      Richmond may soon be the scene of a by-election if Tory incumbent Zac Goldsmith is either elected mayor of London or sticks to his pledge to resign if a third Heathrow runway is permitted. 
      With last May's candidate Robin Meltzer having decided not to stand again, flocks of Lib Dems are circling, some from as far afield as Guildford. 
      Next door in Twickenham, which Vince Cable almost held, a similar effect can be seen.
      Featured on Liberal Democrat VoiceAnd then there are Yeovil and Sheffield Hallam... But to find out who has their eyes on those you will have to buy the magazine.

      You can subscribe to Liberator via its website.

      Lord Bonkers' Diary: How the Lib Dems won Loch Ness

      How the Lib Dems won Loch Ness

      A rare ray of light in the darkness for us Liberal Democrats was our capture of Loch Ness from the Scottish National Party. It would be remiss of me at this point not to pay tribute to the sterling efforts of my old friend Ruttie, the Rutland Water Monster. Her canvassing of the postal vote, I am told by those on the ground, proved particularly effective.

      As far as I can gather, what happened was this. If a local has settled down to cast his or, indeed, her postal vote, Ruttie would crane her long neck in through the window. The voter would hover his biro above the box next to the SNP candidate, at which Ruttle would give a distinct curl of the lip. Alarmed, the voter would next try the box next to our candidate, whereupon Ruttie would nod vigorously. I gather she was also extremely helpful in saving the voter the need to take the completed vote to the nearest pillar box.

      I shall do all I can to encourage the old girl to help in future by-elections, but I fear there are few wards where she has such a close family connection.

      Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

      Previously in Lord Bonkers' Diary

      Why Alastair Cook is the new Anton du Beke

      Characteristically wise words from Vic Marks, the Sage of Middle Chinnock:
      Alastair Cook ... in recent years has had almost as many partners of various shapes and sizes as Anton du Beke. Too many of them have displayed the same sense of timing as Ann Widdecombe.

      Beach declared safe in Cornwall after 'mystery substance' discovered to be seaweed

      Congratulations to the Western Morning News for winning our Headline of the Day Award (and thanks to a reader for nominating it).

      Thursday, November 19, 2015

      The last train from Skipton to Colne

      This video shows trains passing through Earby between Skipton and Colne, then the last train on this line and the track being lifted in 1970.

      The good news is that the Skipton and East Lancs Rail Action Partnership is campaigning to have the line reopened.

      Nick Harvey says the Lib Dems fell for their own propaganda

      Photo by Amanda Reynolds, Ministry of Defence
      Groupthink, says Wikipedia, is
      a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people, in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. Group members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints, by actively suppressing dissenting viewpoints, and by isolating themselves from outside influences.
      After the Liberal Democrats were turned to chutney at the May 2015 general election, a number of people who had left the party in the days after the Coaliton was formed asked we had not seen the inevitable coming.

      The answer, I suspect, is groupthink.

      That is certainly the conclusion Nick Harvey comes to in an article in the new issue of Liberator:
      Somehow, though stuck at 8% in national polls, we clung to the idea that incumbency would save MPs (even though it hadn’t saved excellent councillors and MEPs). 
      Our biggest mistake in responding to that finding was to offer up a diet of backward-looking selfcongratulation on what we had achieved in coalition. There were indeed many Lib Dem achievements in office of which we should be proud, and no one else would blow the trumpet for them. But many were in the earlier years so no longer news, and all were by definition done with Tory consent so they had shared credit in some cases. 
      Featured on Liberal Democrat VoiceAbove all, voters simply aren’t motivated by gratitude, as Paddy regularly acknowledged. Yet on and on we warbled like a cracked record.
      You can subscribe to Liberator via the magazine's website.

      Lord Bonkers' Diary: We are not downhearted

      It is time again to visit Rutland's most celebrated fictional peer.

      We are not downhearted

      All the leaves are brown and the sky is grey; if the weather carries on like this, the Well-Behaved Orphans will soon be needing shoes. I sit by the Library fire as Meadowcroft dibbles and hoes outside – or whatever it is he does at this time of year. Flocks of hamwees are massing before leaving to winter in Africa, unless they have just arrived to winter here. Or are they wheways? I never can tell the difference.

      Let us be honest: 2015 was not a good year for the Liberal Democrats, much as 1883 was not a good year for the island of Krakatoa. We are not, however, downhearted. The darkest hour is just before dawn, the journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step (as Mr Mao who ran the takeaway in Melton Mowbray used to put it) and God moves in a mysterious way and all that.

      Lord Bonkers was Liberal MP for Rutland South-West 1906-10.

      The cat as author

      This may well be the greatest tweet ever.

      Wednesday, November 18, 2015

      The original Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon

      This remarkable pile is the original Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon. Built in the 1870s, it burnt down in March 1926.

      Some of its structure survives and now forms part of the Swan Theatre, which stands next to the Royal Shakespeare Theatre.

      Six of the Best 552

      Cicero's Songs explains what nationalism is doing to Scotland: "The centralisation of the police force and emergency services was done, not to deliver better or safer services, but to reinforce the power of nationalist politicians in Edinburgh against the perceived threat of London."

      Councils are powerless to stop housing development yet everyone says we need more houses built. Shaun Spiers offers an explanation of this paradox.

      "When Andrew was 15, the medications caught up with him and he suffered a rare complication from one of them, Seroquel. One Friday he was well enough to go to school; on Sunday he was brain-dead." Nicholas Kristof on drugs, greed and a dead boy.

      Norbert Schürer surveys the state of Tolkien criticism today.

      There was a lot more to Warren Mitchell than Alf Garnett, says Terence Towles Canote.

      Peter Ashley appreciates Lyveden New Bield in Northamptonshire.

      Jim Wallace to give first Charles Kennedy Memorial Lecture

      Tomorrow in Fort William Jim Wallace, leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords, will give the inaugural Charles Kennedy Memorial Lecture as part of Lochaber Ideas Week.

      The title of his lecture is "A Highland Style of Politics: How Charles Kennedy’s Highland heritage shaped him, his politics and his life".

      More on

      Tuesday, November 17, 2015

      The Zombies: Odessey and Oracle 40th Anniversary Concert

      The Zombies' album Odessey and Oracle was released in 1968 to critical indifference. When Time of the Season became a sleeper hit in America 18 months later, it was too late: the band had already split up.

      Today it is regarded as one of the great albums of the Sixties and modern musicians queue up to pay tribute to it.

      And then something wonderful happened. As Wikipedia tells it:
      In March 2008, to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the album's release, the four surviving members performed Odessey and Oracle in its entirety for three shows at the Shepherds Bush Empire in London. 
      They were joined by Keith Airey, Darian Sahanaja and various friends. The Zombies were insistent on recreating the sound as authentically as possible, hence the extra singers, Sahanaja filling in keyboard and mellotron parts via use of a Memotron, and Argent himself playing an original mellotron on a couple of numbers. 
      Argent also tracked down a Victorian pump organ dating from 1896 so they could recreate White's "Butcher's Tale", the original organ having long since been given away or sold by White.
      Today I found a video of this concert and it is every bit as good as people said at the time. And you can sense the love coming from the audience too. Enjoy it as a midweek musical bonus.

      Andrew Hickey reviewed the reunion concert in Manchester, and I saw the usual modern incarnation of the band in Harborough in 2011.

      And this is what the band looked like in 1965.

      Help needed for Market Harborough by-election

      A by-election will take place in Market Harborough Logan ward on Thursday 10 December. If follows the recent death of the Liberal Democrat councillor Pete Callis.

      The Lib Dem candidate in the by-election will be Barbara Johnson, a former councillor with a long history of campaigning in the community.

      We are keen to hold this seat, and it also forms part of a marginal county council ward which we just lost last time round.

      If you can give an hour or two to deliver or canvass in Logan ward your help will be well used. Please ring Barbara on 07854 029855 for directions and to let her know you are coming.

      Logan ward is named after this blog's hero J.W. Logan, who once started a fight in the House of Commons (or at least after the street that was named after him).

      And pubs? There is an unspoilt backstreet local, the Admiral Nelson, in the ward and you can visit the mighty Beerhouse on the way back to the station.  

      Keith Vaz floats the idea of a new blasphemy law

      From the National Secular Society website:
      Labour MP Keith Vaz has expressed his support for the reintroduction of UK blasphemy laws – provided they "apply equally to everybody." 
      His comments were reportedly made at an event organised by the Muslim Council of Britain to explore responses to terrorism and extremism, held in London on 12 November.
      The report goes on to say:
      Vaz went on to give contradictory answers about his views, saying that there should not be blasphemy laws in the UK, before adding, "If somebody brings it forward in parliament I'll vote for it… Obviously it depends what's in the bill. But I have no objection to it being brought before parliament and having a debate about it."
      It should be remembered that Mr Vaz has a talent for saying what he thinks a particular audience wants to hear. Take his contributions to the debate on Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses.

      Monday, November 16, 2015

      Disused railway stations in Buckinghamshire

      And then there's...

      Devon, Bedfordshire, North LincolnshireEast Sussex, Leicestershire, Herefordshire, Hampshire, Cumbria, Cambridgeshire, Kent, Lincolnshire, Cornwall, Rutland. Northumberland, Shropshire, SuffolkEast Riding of Yorkshire, Norfolk, Wiltshire, Hertfordshire, Northamptonshire, DurhamGlasgowStaffordshireDerbyshire and Edinburgh.

      Why is the Sun trying to make us panic over Paris?

      The answer, I suppose, is that they think it will sell more newspapers.

      A Sun report on what turned out to be two unfounded bomb scares in Birmingham is headed:

      Britain gripped by fear with TWO bomb scares in Birmingham 

      Britain is not gripped by fear and it is irresponsible, even unpatriotic, to say we are.

      This seems a good time to repeat what I wrote in the aftermath of the 7/7 bombings in London:
      I lived in London for a couple of years in the 1980s, working for some of the time in the big department stores at the height of an IRA bombing campaign. When there was a bomb warning - and they were almost daily events - we each searched our own little part of the building and then carried on with business as usual. 
      This gave me some modest understanding of what London must have been like in the Second World War, and I am sure it is the spirit that the city will show after the terrorist outrages yesterday.